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The history of Java dates back to the early 1990's.

Early versions and creation (1990-1995)

In 1990, Sun Microsystems engineer Patrick Naughton, annoyed with the state of the company's C++ and C APIs, was given the opportunity to creative an alternative language as part of the Stealth Project – later renamed the Green Project. Mike Sheridan and James Gosling joined Naughton in developing a new programming language initially called "Oak", named after an oak tree that stood outside his office.[1]

This new language took 18 months to finish, and by fall 1992 the team was able to present their first demonstration via a personal digital assistant with a graphical user interface called "Star7". It featured a smart agent named "Duke", who would later become the official mascot of Java.[1][Citation needed]

Java was originally designed for interactive television, but was too advanced for the digital cable television industry at the time.

In 1995, the language was renamed to "Java" (as in Java coffee), after a trademark dispute from Oak Technology.[Citation needed]

Public release (1996)

Sun Microsystems released the first public implementation of the programming language as Java 1.0 in 1996, where it promised "Write Once, Run Anywhere" (WORA) and provided no-cost run time on popular platforms.


  1. 1.0 1.1 Mercer, Jamie. A Short History of Java. DZone. Written May 23, 2017. Retrieved November 4, 2018.